Malaria is a preventable and treatable infectious disease transmitted by mosquitoes that kills more than one million people each year, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa, where malaria is the leading cause of death for children under five.
Thanks to the mobilisation of resources, political will and community efforts, malaria control and elimination efforts since 2000 have resulted in nearly 7 million lives saved, leading to US$2 trillion in benefits to malaria affected countries. However, more progress is urgently needed.
Malaria remains both a major cause and a consequence of global poverty and inequity: its burden is greatest in the least developed areas and among the poorest members of society. Half the world still lives at risk from this preventable, treatable disease. Progress has slowed and could be rapidly
reversed if vital support for the malaria fight is not sustained.